Amster Rothstein & Ebenstein, LLP - Intellectual Property Law http://www.arelaw.com/ Amster, Rothstein & Ebenstein is a well-established mid-sized legal firm engaged exclusively in the practice of intellectual property law, including patents, trademarks, copyrights, unfair competition and related matters. Since our inception in 1953, we have earned an impressive record of successes for our clients, from individuals to multinational corporations, both domestic and worldwide. These successes are borne of the vigorous application of legal expertise, innovation and objective analysis. en Mon, 18 Oct 2021 02:13:21 +0000 Floodlight Design CMS 13 ARE Law Lawyers Named to 2021 New York Metro Super Lawyers List http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/13-are-law-lawyers-named-to-2021-new-york-super-lawyers-list/ 13 ARE Law lawyers were named to the 2021 New York Metro Super Lawyers List.<br /><br />The ranked lawyers reflect a broad cross section of our multidisciplinary intellectual property practice.&nbsp;<br /><br />Our 2021 Super Lawyers are:&nbsp;<br /><ul><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/debenstein/">Daniel Ebenstein</a>, Intellectual Property</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/eeisenberg/">Eric Eisenberg</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/kgeorge/">Kenneth George</a>, Intellectual Property, Health Care</li><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/alocicero/">Anthony Lo Cicero</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property</li><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/cmacedo/">Charley Macedo</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation</li><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/rmandaro/">Rich Mandaro</a>,&nbsp;<font face="Arial, Verdana, sans-serif">Intellectual Property</font></li><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/miro/">Douglas Miro</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/crothstein/">Chester Rothstein</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/jpwhite/">John White</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property</li><li><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/nzipkin/">Neil Zipkin</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation, Alternative Dispute Resolution</li></ul><br />Our 2021 Super Lawyers Rising Stars are:<ul><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/dgoldberg/">David Goldberg</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/olivia-harris/">Olivia Harris</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation</li><li><a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/clisiewski/">Chris Lisiewski</a>,&nbsp;Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Litigation</li></ul>Congratulations to <a href="https://arelaw.com/professional/miro/">Doug Miro </a>for once again being named one of the Top 100 Metro Super Lawyers in New York.&nbsp;This is the fifth time Doug has been named to this prestigious list.&nbsp;<br type="_moz" /><br type="_moz" /><div>The annual Super Lawyers list recognizes the top five percent of lawyers in New York for professional achievement within their areas of practice. The yearly Rising Stars list recognizes the top 2.5 percent of lawyers under the age of 40 in practice for ten years or less.<br />&nbsp;</div><div>Attorneys are selected through a process that includes independent research, peer nominations and peer evaluations. <a href="https://profiles.superlawyers.com/new-york-metro/new-york/lawfirm/amster-rothstein-and-ebenstein-llp/8f061797-a903-4c7a-938f-2e0ce2b082a5.html">Learn more here about Super Lawyers</a>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><br type="_moz" /> Thu, 14 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/13-are-law-lawyers-named-to-2021-new-york-super-lawyers-list/ SSRN Features Article by Charley Macedo and LES Annual Meeting Co-panelists on How to Identify, Prepare and Package Data for Monetization in AI http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/ssrn-features-article-by-charley-macedo-and-les-annual-meeting-c/ <div>SSRN recently featured an article written by ARE Law partner Charley Macedo and his co-panelists from the 2021 Licensing Executives Society USA and Canada Annual Meeting. The article, &quot;<a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3897882">How to Identify, Prepare and Package Data for Monetization in AI</a>,&rdquo; originally appeared in les Nouvelles, the Journal of the Licensing Executives Society, Volume LVI No. 3 published in September 2021.&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;</div><div>The article notes, &ldquo;As computers have become more powerful and the collection of data has exploded, monetization opportunities for an organization with respect to its treasure troves of data are becoming more and more prevalent. In order to assist organizations on how to prepare and package data for monetization in artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning (ML) opportunities, this article provides an overview of key considerations outlined at the 2020 LES USA and Canada Annual Meeting in a virtual presentation that was shared with the same title.<br />&nbsp;</div><div>The article&rsquo;s co-authors include Nicole Spence of IBM Corporation, Benjamin Beavan of Getty Images and Barry Brager of Perception Partners.<br /><br /><a href="https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3897882">Read the article</a>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Wed, 06 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/ssrn-features-article-by-charley-macedo-and-les-annual-meeting-c/ Charley Macedo and Chris Lisiewski Speak at the NYIPLA PTAB Committee on Unresolved and Open Issues in Arthrex http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-and-chris-lisiewski-speak-at-the-nyipla-ptab-comm/ Today, New York Intellectual Property Law Association (NYIPLA) PTAB Committee co-chairs Charley Macedo (from Amster Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein) and Ken Adamo and other members of the PTAB Committee, including ARE Law associate Christopher Lisiewski discussed open and unresolved issues after the Supreme Court's June Arthrex decision.<div>&nbsp;</div><div>Specifically, in its decision, the Supreme Court held that APJs are principal officers. However, the Supreme Court did not agree with the Federal Circuit's remedy and determined that final written decisions of APJs must be subject to review by the Director of the USPTO.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><a href="https://bit.ly/3msh16f">Learn more about the NYIPLA PTAB Committee</a>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-and-chris-lisiewski-speak-at-the-nyipla-ptab-comm/ Charley Macedo and Co-Panelists from the 2020 LES USA and Canada Annual Meeting Publish Article in LES Nouvelles on How to Identify, Prepare And Package Data For Monetization in AI http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/how-to-identify-prepare-and-package-data-for-monetization-in-ai/ <br /><div>Charley Macedo and his virtual co-panelists from the 2020 Licensing Executives Society (LES) USA and Canada Annual Meeting published an article in the September issue of LES Nouvelles on their conference topic, &quot;<a href="https://www.arelaw.com/images/article/link_pdf-1-1633045389-Monetization%20in%20AI[2].pdf">How to Identify, Prepare And Package Data For Monetization in AI</a>.&quot;<br /><br />The article provides an overview on how organizations can prepare and package data for monetization in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) opportunities<br /><br />Charley's LES Conference co-panelists included:<br />&nbsp;</div><ul><li>Nicole Spence,&nbsp;Senior Intellectual Property Attorney at IBM Watson and The Weather Company</li><li>Benjamin Beavan,&nbsp;Global Director Strategic Development at Getty Images</li><li>Barry Brager, CEO of Perception Partners</li></ul><div><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/images/article/link_pdf-1-1633045389-Monetization%20in%20AI[2].pdf">Read the full article</a>.</div> Wed, 29 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/how-to-identify-prepare-and-package-data-for-monetization-in-ai/ ARE Copyright Alert: California Court Differs from NY - Applies Server Test to Rule That Embedding Posts Does Not Constitute Copyright Infringement http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/alert09282021/ Is it copyright infringement to embed a link to a work posted on Instagram? Two recent courts, in two different circuits, have come to opposite conclusions.<div>&nbsp;</div> <div>In a nutshell, the legal question asks if it&rsquo;s copyright infringement when an online use, such as in an article, simply copies an Instagram page link (or Twitter, Facebook, etc.) to the work, often posted by the copyright owner him/herself, rather than copying and posting the work itself. <br /><br />Defendants argue that they don&rsquo;t infringe because copyright infringement requires &ldquo;copying,&rdquo; and if they never copy the photo, <i>but instead only copy a link to the photo</i>, they technically don&rsquo;t infringe. Put another way, the image never moves from the Instagram/Twitter/Facebook server, and so &ldquo;copying/infringement&rdquo; never occurs.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/-copyright-alert-new-york-ccourt-rules-that-embedding-copyrighte/" target="_blank">As we discussed over the summer</a><u>,</u> Judge Rakoff in <i>Nicklen v. Sinclair Broadcasting Group</i>, <i>Inc</i>, recently held that embedding a post is a &ldquo;display&rdquo; within the meaning of the Copyright Act and thus constitutes copyright infringement. <i>Nicklen v. Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc.</i>, No. 20-cv-10300 (JSR), 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142768 (S.D.N.Y. July 30, 2021) (&ldquo;Nicklen&rdquo;). Judge Rakoff explicitly rejected the 9th Circuit&rsquo;s server test in his ruling, reasoning that the display of the image, not the location of the data which makes up the image, is the relevant metric.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Judge Charles Breyer, a judge in the Northern District of California, has now ruled the other way. <i>Alexis Hunley v. Instagram, LLC</i>, No. 21-cv-03778-CRB, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 177667 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 17, 2021) (&ldquo;Hunley&rdquo;). Breyer&rsquo;s opinion followed the server test as laid out by the 9th Circuit in <i>Perfect 10</i><i>Inc. v. Amazon.com</i>, <i>Inc.,&nbsp;</i>508 F.3d 1146 (9th Cir. 2007), and rejected the claim that merely embedding an image through Instagram&rsquo;s API constitutes copyright infringement.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>It remains to be seen how courts in other circuits will rule on the matter.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>Background </b></div> <div><b>&nbsp;</b></div> <div>In <i>Hunley</i>, plaintiffs Alexis Hunley and Matthew Brauer are freelance photographers who used Instagram to share photos and videos. Hunley and Brauer&rsquo;s posts have been frequently embedded in third party webpages using Instagram&rsquo;s API.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Hunley and Brauer sued Instagram as part of a class action, alleging that Instagram encouraged third parties to embed copyrighted works and is thus vicariously liable. Instagram moved to dismiss the suit on the grounds that, <i>inter alia</i>, embedding Instagram posts does not constitute copyright infringement.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>Discussion</b></div> <div><b>&nbsp;</b></div> <div>All parties agreed that the case hinged on &ldquo;a single legal question&rdquo;, namely, whether or not embedding images without physically storing them on a third-party server constitutes a display of the embedded image. Answering this question, the court ruled that simply embedding images using Instagram&rsquo;s API does not constitute copyright infringement, and granted Instagram&rsquo;s motion to dismiss.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court reached its answer by applying 9th Circuit precedent as laid out in <i>Perfect 10, </i>which considered embedded images in the context of search engine results.</div> <div><i>&nbsp;</i></div> <div>As the court noted, <i>Perfect 10 </i>relied primarily upon the language of the Copyright Act. According to the Act, it is copyright infringement to &ldquo;display&rdquo; an image, which means to &ldquo;show a copy of it&rdquo;. &ldquo;Copies&rdquo;, in turn, are &ldquo;material objects &hellip; in which a work is fixed &hellip; and from which the work can be perceived.&rdquo; A work is not fixed (and thus not a copy) unless it is &ldquo;sufficiently permanent or stable to permit it to be perceived &hellip; for a period of more than a transitory duration.&rdquo; Applying this language, as laid out in <i>Perfect 10</i>, unless an image or video is stored on a third-party&rsquo;s physical server, then it is not &ldquo;fixed.&rdquo; And, because it is not fixed, the embedded image is not a &ldquo;copy&rdquo;, and as such is not technically a display.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Accordingly, according to the court, because using Instagram&rsquo;s API does not store the image on the third-party&rsquo;s server, displaying embedded images on third party webpages through the API does not constitute infringement on the part of third parties.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Hunley, citing Rakoff&rsquo;s opinion in <i>Nicklen, </i>argued that the court should cabin <i>Perfect 10 </i>to search engine results alone, and refuse to apply the server test.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>As we previously noted, the court in <i>Nicklen</i>, like the court in <i>Perfect 10</i>, relied heavily upon the plain text of the statute. However, the court in <i>Nicklen </i>rejected the server test, reasoning that, because, under the Copyright Act, the protection for authors is both broad, encompassing not just &ldquo;the first copy&hellip; but any copy of the work&rdquo; as well as &ldquo;technology-neutral,&rdquo; extending to &ldquo;any device or process,&rdquo; using an API to embed images without permission constituted copying.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court, however, discarded Rakoff&rsquo;s interpretation, noting that, unlike courts in the Southern District of New York, it was &ldquo;not free to ignore Ninth Circuit Precedent.&rdquo; &nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Furthermore, while Hunley urged that the Supreme Court&rsquo;s 2014 decision in <i>Aereo </i>overturned <i>Perfect 10</i>, the court held that, because <i>Aereo </i>dealt with ambiguous language surrounding the &ldquo;performance right,&rdquo; the present case was distinguishable.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>Conclusion</b></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court&rsquo;s holding means that the applicable rule may depend on the jurisdiction, leaving nationwide publishers with difficult choices as they develop content acquisition strategies.&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>We will continue to monitor and report on the use of embedded Instagram posts of photographs and videos.&nbsp; In the meantime, please feel free to contact us to learn more.<br /><br /><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/crothstein/" target="_blank">Chester Rothstein</a>, and <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/hpekowsky/" target="_blank">Holly Pekowsky</a>, are partners, and Thomas Hart is a law clerk at Amster, Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein LLP. Their practice involves all aspects of intellectual property law, including copyright and trademark litigation associated with social media. They can be reached at <a href="mailto:crothstein@arelaw.com">crothstein@arelaw.com</a>, <a href="mailto:hpekowsky@arelaw.com">hpekowsky@arelaw.com</a>&nbsp;and <a href="mailto:thart@arelaw.com">thart@arelaw.com</a>.</div> Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/alert09282021/ Charles Macedo To Present Introductory Remarks At The 2021 Annual Friedman Lecture On Excellence In Appellate Advocacy http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charles-macedo-annual-friedman-lecture-2021/ <span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 11px;">On November 19, Charles Macedo will present introductory remarks at the <a href="http://fedcirbar.org/Programs-Sponsorship/Calendar/ArticleID/1442" target="_blank">2021 Annual Friedman Lecture on Excellence in Appellate Advocacy (Virtual)</a></span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 11px;">.&nbsp;<br /></span><br style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 11px;" /><div style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 11px;">This event honors the life and work of Federal Circuit Judge Daniel M. Friedman, and elevates the dialogue on excellence in appellate advocacy. Charley served as a law clerk for Judge Friedman and has been a part of this event for many years.&nbsp;<br /><br /><a href="http://fedcirbar.org/Programs-Sponsorship/Calendar/ArticleID/1442" target="_blank">Learn more about the event here.</a></div> Fri, 19 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charles-macedo-annual-friedman-lecture-2021/ Practical Law General Contract Clauses: Confidentiality Agreement Clauses After the Defend Trade Secrets Act<br> http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw09172021/ Charles Macedo with appreciation the contributions of Michael Sebba to the original version of these Standard Clauses, and David Goldberg, Olivia Harris and Christopher Lisiewski, who assisted with research and revisions to these Standard Clauses: General Contract Clauses: Confidentiality Agreement Clauses After the Defend Trade Secrets Act<br /><br />Standard Clauses for use in confidentiality agreements drafted after the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA). These Standard Clauses include whistleblower protections and notice of immunity provisions for nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) between a company and an individual who is an employee, a contractor, or a consultant. They also include other clauses commonly used in business-to-business transactions with drafting notes addressing possible implications of the DTSA. These Standard Clauses have integrated notes with important explanations and drafting and negotiating tips.<br /><br /> <a href="/images/file/General%20Contract%20Clauses%20Confidentiality%20Agreement%20Clauses%20After%20the%20Defend%20Trade%20Secrets%20Act%20(w-002-9194)%209_17_21.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to read the full article.</a> Fri, 17 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw09172021/ Chris Lisiewski to Serve as Co-Chair of the New York Intellectual Property Law Association (NYIPLA)'s Inventor of the Year Awards http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/chris-lisiewski-to-serve-as-co-chair-of-the-new-york-intellectua/ Chris Lisiewski is serving as co-chair of the&nbsp;New York Intellectual Property Law Association (NYIPLA)'s Inventor of the Year Awards.<br /><br /><div>The Inventor of the Year Award is presented each year in recognition of the contribution that the invention has and/or will make towards society as a whole.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nominations will help to extend recognition to deserving innovators and inventors, and promote the practice of intellectual property law.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This year&rsquo;s winner will receive $5,000. The submission deadline is Thursday, December 16, 2021.&nbsp;<br /><br /><a href="https://www.nyipla.org/nyipla/InventoroftheYearAward.asp">Submit here</a>.<br /><br />&nbsp;</div> Thu, 16 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/chris-lisiewski-to-serve-as-co-chair-of-the-new-york-intellectua/ Charley Macedo to Speak About NFTs and Technology Transfer: Should Universities Jump on the Bandwagon at the AUTM’s 2021 Virtual Eastern Region Meeting http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-to-speak-about-nfts-and-technology-transfer-shoul/ Charley Macedo will present a panel at the <a href="https://autm.net/events/region-meetings/eastern-region/2021/event-info">AUTM&rsquo;s 2021 Virtual Eastern Region Meeting</a> on October 1. He will be speaking about NFTs and technology transfer and whether should universities jump on the bandwagon.&nbsp;<br /><br /><div>As the panel description notes, sales of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) exceeded $2 billion in the first quarter of 2021. Recently, several market players are trying to represent patents as NFTs to make transactions quicker, simpler, and more cost-effective. This presents unique opportunities and challenges to university technology transfer offices, looking to take advantage of this new trend. This panel will address several questions, including: what is an NFT? How are they created? What are the advantages/disadvantages of using NFTs? How can technology transfer offices utilize NFTs?</div><div><br /><a href="https://autm.net/events/region-meetings/eastern-region/2021/event-info">Learn more and register</a>.&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Fri, 01 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-to-speak-about-nfts-and-technology-transfer-shoul/ Brian Amos and Charley Macedo Co-Author Article for Tech Transfer Central on SRA or RSA? They’re More Than Just Acronyms http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/brian-amos-and-charley-macedo-co-author-article-for-tech-transfe/ Brian Amos and Charley Macedo co-authored <a href="https://techtransfercentral.com/reprints/uiea/821-sra-or-rsa-more-than-just-acronyms/">an article</a> for Tech Transfer Central's University-Industry Engagement Advisor on &quot;SRA or RSA? They&rsquo;re More Than Just Acronyms.&quot;<br /><br />The article aims to&nbsp;help corporate engagement professionals distinguish between RSAs and SRAs, and to outline important questions to be asked when non-profits formulate and enter into RSAs.<br /><br /><a href="https://techtransfercentral.com/reprints/uiea/821-sra-or-rsa-more-than-just-acronyms/">Read the full article</a>.<br /><br type="_moz" /> Tue, 31 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/brian-amos-and-charley-macedo-co-author-article-for-tech-transfe/ Amster Rothstein & Ebenstein Expands Practice with Addition of Group from Cooper & Dunham http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/amster-rothstein--ebenstein-expands-practice-with-addition-of-gr/ Amster Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein LLP, a full-service, New York-based intellectual property law firm announced today that it has expanded its practice by adding a group of professionals from the prominent intellectual property boutique Cooper &amp; Dunham LLP.<br /><br />The group includes veteran practitioners Christopher C. Dunham, John P. White and Gary J. Gershik, along with recent partner Darren Haber.<br /><br />The new group represents a wide range of clients from startups to Fortune 500 companies and brings particular expertise in biotechnology, chemistry and pharmaceutical arts. The group has extensive patent litigation experience in Federal Courts throughout the United States, as well as administrative proceedings before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, including Inter-Partes Review (IPR), Post-Grant Review (PGR) and appeals, and before patent offices outside of the United States, including opposition proceedings.<br /><br />&quot;We are thrilled to add this team to our firm who are among the most experienced intellectual property professionals in the industry. Their depth of experience provides significant value to the firm, our clients and the industries we serve&rdquo; said Anthony P. Lo Cicero, ARE Law&rsquo;s Managing Partner. &ldquo;We are now positioned better than ever to provide a wide array of intellectual property services to our clients.&rdquo;<br /><br />&quot;When looking for a new professional home, we sought a leading intellectual property law firm that complimented our practice and would allow us to continue to efficiently provide exceptional service to our clients,&rdquo; said Gary J. Gershik. &ldquo;We look forward to leveraging our collective experience.&rdquo;<br /><br />Douglas A. Miro, ARE Law partner noted, &quot;We are proud to add this team to the Amster family. The addition of our new colleagues strengthens our market position as a leading intellectual property law firm.&rdquo;<br /><br />Learn more about <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/" target="_blank">Amster Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein LLP</a>.<br /> Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/amster-rothstein--ebenstein-expands-practice-with-addition-of-gr/ Charley Macedo to Present a Fireside Chat with PTAB Chief Administrative Judge Boalick at the Managing IP U.S. Patent Forum http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-to-present-a-fireside-chat-with-ptab-chief-judge-/ <p>On September 22 at 10:10 a.m. ET partner Charley Macedo and Chief Administrative Judge Scott Boalick of the Patent Trial and Appeals Board will present a virtual fireside chat at the upcoming Managing IP U.S. Patent Forum. They will discuss the state of the PTAB, including the impact of:</p><ul><li>Arthrex and director review</li><li>Fintiv and discretionary denials</li><li>Non-reviewability of the decisions on institution and related matters</li><li>Remands from the Federal Circuit</li></ul><p><span style="color: rgb(32, 31, 30); font-size: 14.6667px;"><a href="https://event.managingip.com/event/07482aca-f9fa-458c-abe1-cf4e5bc1dd92/websitePage:645d57e4-75eb-4769-b2c0-f201a0bfc6ce"><small>Register here</small></a></span><small><span style="color: rgb(32, 31, 30); font-size: 14.6667px;">.</span></small></p> Tue, 21 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/charley-macedo-to-present-a-fireside-chat-with-ptab-chief-judge-/ Join the NYIPLA's PTAB Committee to Discuss Oral Hearings Before the PTAB http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/join-the-nyiplas-ptab-committee-to-discuss-oral-hearings-before-/ Join the New York Intellectual Property Law Association (NYIPLA) PTAB Committee on September 7 to discuss oral hearings before the PTAB.<br /><br />In this interactive presentation, a distinguished group of USPTO officials, including Lead Judge Jessica Kaiser and Chief Clerk Erica Swift, will share insights on oral hearings before the PTAB with particular emphasis on new features available to the public, such as virtual hearings (rather than telephonic) for ex parte appeals. <br /><br />There will be a Q&amp;A session afterward. This event is free to all NYIPLA members and PTAB Committee members. Non-NYIPLA members can join for $30. 1 CLE credit will be available for attendees. To register for the event, please contact admin@nyipla.org. <br /><br />Please remember to re-register for the PTAB Committee if you have not yet done so in the new year. Tue, 07 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/join-the-nyiplas-ptab-committee-to-discuss-oral-hearings-before-/ Copyright Alert: New York Court Rules That Embedding Copyrighted Works Constitutes Copying Within the Meaning of the Copyright Act http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/-copyright-alert-new-york-ccourt-rules-that-embedding-copyrighte/ <div>In a series of alerts published in 2020, we discussed the evolving law which governs embedding, through Instagram&rsquo;s API, Instagram photos on third-party websites. As we formerly discussed, <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/alert07292020"><i><span style="color:#B5002D">Sinclair v. Ziff Davis LLC </span></i><span style="color:#B5002D">and<i> McGucken v. Newsweek LLC</i></span></a>rejected the argument that users of Instagram&rsquo;s API have an automatic sublicense to use copyrighted material. On the other hand, <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/are-copyright-alert-new-york-federal-court-finds-embedded-instag"><i><span style="color:#B5002D">Boesen</span></i></a>showed that fair use may allow news sites to embed photos, particularly where the sites are reporting on the posts themselves, and not the content depicted in them.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>These cases did not resolve whether or not an embedded photograph or video constitutes a &ldquo;display&rdquo; of the work under the Copyright Act.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>A recent decision by Judge Rakoff in the Southern District of New York reached this question, concluding that embedding a video through Instagram or Facebook&rsquo;s API, such that it plays on a news site, constitutes a &ldquo;display&rdquo; of the work and is thus infringement. <i>Nicklen v. Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc.</i>, No. 20-cv-10300 (JSR), 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142768 (S.D.N.Y. July 30, 2021) (&ldquo;Nicklen&rdquo;). &nbsp;The court did not reach a conclusion as to whether or not such a use constitutes fair use, however.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>Background </b></div> <div><b>&nbsp;</b></div> <div>In <i>Nicklen, </i>Plaintiff Paul Nicklen, a nature photographer, posted a video of polar bears to both Facebook and Instagram. The video quickly became viral and Defendant Sinclair Broadcasting Group reported on this fact in an online article, embedding Nicklen&rsquo;s post (and thus allowing it to be viewed while on Sinclair&rsquo;s site) in the process.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Nicklen, and co-Plaintiff Christina Mittermeier, sued Sinclair for violating their copyright in the work, and Sinclair moved to dismiss the complaint on the grounds that 1) there was no infringement because Sinclair did not &ldquo;display&rdquo; the video and 2) the use of the video in the article was fair use.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>Discussion</b></div> <div><b>&nbsp;</b></div> <div>Considering Sinclair&rsquo;s arguments, the court denied Sinclair&rsquo;s motion to dismiss, holding that Sinclair infringed the Plaintiffs&rsquo; copyright and &lsquo;displayed&rsquo; the video within the meaning of the Copyright Act, as well as that more facts were needed before a fair use analysis could be performed.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court first held that Sinclair infringed Nicklen&rsquo;s copyright under the plain meaning of the Copyright Act, which grants copyright holders the exclusive right to publicly display their work.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Under the plain meaning of the Act, &ldquo;a defendant violates the author&rsquo;s exclusive right to display an audiovisual work publicly when the defendant without authorization causes a copy of the work &hellip; to be seen -- whether directly or by means of any device or process known in 1976 or developed thereafter.&rdquo; This protection for authors is both broad, encompassing not just &ldquo;the first copy&hellip; but any copy of the work&rdquo; as well as &ldquo;technology-neutral,&rdquo; extending to &ldquo;any device or process.&rdquo;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>As a result, the court concluded that embedding a post, which shows a copy of the work via an API, constitutes a display, and thus infringement, of the embedded work under the Copyright Act.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Sinclair argued that, because its website only stores html code which allows a viewer to view the video, the court should apply the so-called &ldquo;server rule&rdquo; used by the Ninth Circuit. Under this approach, because the actual files constituting the video are stored on Facebook and Instagram&rsquo;s servers, and not Sinclair&rsquo;s, the image is never actually &ldquo;displayed&rdquo; by Sinclair.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court, however, rejected the server rule, reasoning that it is contrary to both the text and the legislative history of the Copyright Act and would undercut the ability of photographers or filmmakers who post online to control how their work is shown.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>In a second portion of the opinion, the court also considered whether embedding the video in the article was fair use, coming to no definite conclusion.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>On one hand, using the video in a news article describing the popularity of the video was transformative, favoring of finding of fair use. On the other hand, however, Sinclair used the entire video in the article and widespread use of embedding would significantly reduce the ability of Nicklen and other creators to license their work. Noting the early stage of the case, the court concluded that it needed further facts before it could come to a decision.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The court&rsquo;s holding further casts doubt on the applicability of the server rule, and reinforces that the availability of fair-use defenses in cases involving embedded posts may be heavily fact dependent.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>We will continue to monitor and report on the use of embedded Instagram posts of photographs and videos.&nbsp;In the meantime, please feel free to contact us to learn more.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/crothstein/"><span style="color:#B5002D">Chester Rothstein</span></a>, and <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/hpekowsky/"><span style="color:#B5002D">Holly Pekowsky</span></a>,are partners, and Thomas Hart is a law clerk at Amster, Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein LLP. Their practice involves all aspects of intellectual property law, including copyright and trademark litigation associated with social media. They can be reached at crothstein@arelaw.com, hpekowsky@arelaw.com, and thart@arelaw.com.</div> Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/-copyright-alert-new-york-ccourt-rules-that-embedding-copyrighte/ Max Vern Named a Global Leader in Private Practice by the World Trademark Review http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/max-vern-named-a-global-leader-in-private-practice-by-the-world-/ Congratulations to partner <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/mvern/">Max Vern</a> who was recently named a Global Leader in Private Practice by the World Trademark Review.<br /><br />The individuals in the WTR Global Leaders are recognized not only for their expertise and experience in creating, protecting, managing and enforcing essential brand rights, but also for their ability to innovate, inspire and go above and beyond to deliver for their clients.<br /><br />Max has been named to the list in each of the three years of its existence.<br /> <br /><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/professional/mvern/">Learn more about Max and his practice</a>. Mon, 02 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/max-vern-named-a-global-leader-in-private-practice-by-the-world-/ ARE Lawyers Publish Article in NYIPLA Newsletter on PTAB Successes, Outcomes and Results http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/are-lawyers-publish-article-in-nyipla-newsletter-on-ptab-success/ ARE Law attorneys Charley Macedo and Chris Lisiewski and summer associate Thomas Hart <a href="https://pub.lucidpress.com/8eba4268-6820-40e4-aa59-9b8991a35a9f/#VJ3QY57royI_">published an article</a> in the latest NYIPLA newsletter, &quot;A Look at the Data: PTAB Successes, Outcomes and Results&quot; with Ken Adamo and Amy Towell based on a recent presentation given by the NYIPLA's PTAB and Young Lawyers Committees with Docket Navigator.&nbsp;<br /><br />The USPTO provided its latest statistics as reported in their quarterly roundup, found on their website, and Docket Navigator prepared a special report for this presentation reporting on comparable statistics over the life the PTAB since 2012, when IPR, PGR and CBM proceedings first commenced.<br /><br /><a href="https://pub.lucidpress.com/8eba4268-6820-40e4-aa59-9b8991a35a9f/#VJ3QY57royI_">Read the full article</a>.<br /><br />Note, Ken Adamo is co-chair with Charley Macedo of the NYIPLA's PTAB Committee and Amy Towell is the COO of Docket Navigator.&nbsp; Tue, 27 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/are-lawyers-publish-article-in-nyipla-newsletter-on-ptab-success/ Charles R. Macedo Publishes Updated Practical Law Practice Note on Understanding PTAB Trials: Key Milestones in IPR, PGR and CBM Proceedings<br> http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw1014/ <a href="https://www.arelaw.com/images/file/Understanding%20PTAB%20Trials%20Key%20Milestones%20in%20IPR%20PGR%20and%20CBM%20Proceedings%20(3-578-8846)%20July%202021.pdf" target="_blank">This Practical Law Practice Note</a>&nbsp;by Charley Macedo discusses key milestones in post-grant patentability challenges at the US Patent and Trademark Office under the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). It reviews typical timelines and procedures at key milestones in inter partes review (IPR), post-grant review (PGR) and covered business method (CBM) patentability challenges before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB).<br /><br /><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/images/file/Understanding%20PTAB%20Trials%20Key%20Milestones%20in%20IPR%20PGR%20and%20CBM%20Proceedings%20(3-578-8846)%20July%202021.pdf" target="_blank">Click here to read the full article.</a> Wed, 07 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw1014/ Practical Law Practice Note by Charles R. Macedo on Appealing Patent Trial and Appeal Board Final Written Decisions http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw020218/ This Practical Law&nbsp;Practice Note by Charley Macedo discusses procedural and strategic considerations involved in appealing final written decisions of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) in&nbsp;<em>inter partes</em>&nbsp;review (IPR), post-grant review (PGR), and covered business method (CBM) patentability challenges under the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA).&nbsp;<br /><br />The article also explores grounds, timelines and practical considerations for requesting rehearing of a final written decision before the PTAB and appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.<br /><br /><br /><a href="https://www.arelaw.com/images/file/Appealing%20Patent%20Trial%20and%20Appeal%20Board%20Final%20Written%20Decisions%20(w-006-9741)%20July%202021.pdf" target="_blank">Appealing Patent Trial and Appeal Board Final Written Decisions</a>&nbsp; Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/practicallaw020218/ The NYIPLA PTAB Committee and Young Lawyers Committee to Examine the New Director Review Process After Arthrex and Appeals of Patent Trial and Board Final Written Decisions After Arthrex at August 3 Meeting http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/the-nyipla-ptab-committee-and-young-lawyers-committee-to-examine/ Join the <a href="https://www.nyipla.org/assnfe/ev.asp?ID=1401">New York Intellectual Property Law Association (NYIPLA) PTAB Committee and Young Lawyers Committee on August 3</a> as a follow up to last month's webinar on Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Trial Milestones and examine the new Director Review process after Arthrex and Appeals of Patent Trial and Board Final Written Decisions After Arthrex.<br /><br />In <a href="https://www.nyipla.org/assnfe/ev.asp?ID=1401">this interactive presentation</a>, the PTAB Committee and Young Lawyers Committee are thrilled to be joined by a group of distinguished members of the USPTO to share insights on the new Director Review process after Arthrex. PTAB Committee co-chair Charley Macedo, coordinator Chris Lisiewski, and other members of the PTAB Committee along with Young Lawyers Committee co-chair Jenna Deneault will then explain motion for reconsideration options, appeal options, and key milestones with appeal process along with the types of arguments that can be heard/not heard after the Supreme Court's recent decision in Arthrex.<br /><br />There will be a Q&amp;A session afterward. This event is free to all NYIPLA members, PTAB Committee members and Young Lawyers Committee members. Non-NYIPLA members can join for $30. 1 CLE credit will be available for attendees. To register for the event, please contact admin@nyipla.org. <br /><br />Remember to re-register for the PTAB Committee and the Young Lawyers Committee if you have not yet done so in the new year.<br /><br /><a href="https://www.nyipla.org/assnfe/ev.asp?ID=1401">Register here</a>. Tue, 03 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/the-nyipla-ptab-committee-and-young-lawyers-committee-to-examine/ Event Spotlight: Brian Amos and Charley Macedo to Speak at LES Annual Meeting on Best Practices in Licensing Data and Software for AI/ML Applications http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/event-spotlight-brian-amos-and-charley-macedo-to-speak-at-les-an/ On September 27 at 1pm to 2pm ET, Brian Amos and Charley Macedo, along with other panelists will speak about &quot;Best Practices in Licensing Data and Software for AI/ML Applications&quot; at the LES Annual Meeting. The program will be held virtually this year.&nbsp;<br /><br /><div>Charley's co-panelists include Daniel Dardani from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dinesh Divakaran from Duke University and Nicole Spence from IBM Watson and The Weather Company</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Amster Rothstein &amp; Ebenstein LLP is a proud sponsor of #LESAM21.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><br />For more information about the conference, visit the <a href="https://members.lesusacanada.org/events/EventDetails.aspx?id=1375039">LES Annual Meeting web site</a>.&nbsp; Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.arelaw.com/publications/view/event-spotlight-brian-amos-and-charley-macedo-to-speak-at-les-an/